All About Türkiye
HomeFAQSearchMemberlistUsergroupsRegisterLog in
Plurals I_icon_minitimeTue Feb 16, 2010 7:41 am by doktorK
Hi everyone!
My name is Keila. I'm from Brasil.
I would like to learn turkish language....
Can you help me? Very Happy

Comments: 3
Welcome to the Turkish forum!
Plurals I_icon_minitimeFri Feb 27, 2009 2:05 pm by Ghenwa
Hi everyone and welcome to the forum. This forum is dedicated to Turkey fans and admirers, that includes persons like Turks, their culture and history, and for persons that somehow are connected with Turkey or with the Turks.
Hope you enjoy it!Smile

Comments: 26
Log in
Log in automatically: 
:: I forgot my password
We have 23 registered users
The newest registered user is berchuc

Our users have posted a total of 260 messages in 47 subjects
Latest topics
» Common Phrases
Plurals I_icon_minitimeSat Jun 18, 2011 12:46 pm by Amy

» Word Game - Food & Drinks
Plurals I_icon_minitimeSat Jun 18, 2011 12:44 pm by Amy

» Word Game - Furnitures (Ev Eşyaları)
Plurals I_icon_minitimeSat Jun 18, 2011 12:43 pm by Amy

» Word Game - Verbs
Plurals I_icon_minitimeSat Jun 18, 2011 12:41 pm by Amy

» Better planning for greater development
Plurals I_icon_minitimeSat Jun 18, 2011 4:18 am by Lexi

» vanilla pudding and banana
Plurals I_icon_minitimeTue Jun 14, 2011 7:08 pm by Amy

» Happy Birthday
Plurals I_icon_minitimeWed Jan 12, 2011 2:39 am by scot

» Comments & Suggestions
Plurals I_icon_minitimeSat Nov 06, 2010 5:14 pm by scot

» Merhaba!
Plurals I_icon_minitimeWed Mar 10, 2010 9:51 am by Ghenwa

» İstanbul
Plurals I_icon_minitimeSat Jan 23, 2010 8:45 am by scot

» Yusuf Güney - Bir Sevda Masalı
Plurals I_icon_minitimeSun Jul 26, 2009 9:39 pm by Ghenwa

» Babam ve Oğlum
Plurals I_icon_minitimeFri Jul 24, 2009 9:45 am by Ghenwa

» Necati Şaşmaz
Plurals I_icon_minitimeMon Jul 20, 2009 11:33 am by Ghenwa

» Gökhan Özen
Plurals I_icon_minitimeSun Jul 19, 2009 7:27 pm by Ghenwa

» Mustafa Sandal - Karizma
Plurals I_icon_minitimeWed Jul 15, 2009 4:47 pm by Ghenwa

» Şebnem Ferah
Plurals I_icon_minitimeTue Jul 14, 2009 1:45 pm by Ghenwa

» Istanbul
Plurals I_icon_minitimeTue Jun 30, 2009 2:54 pm by scot

» Bir Başka İstanbul
Plurals I_icon_minitimeFri Jun 19, 2009 9:55 pm by Ghenwa

» Kenan Doğulu
Plurals I_icon_minitimeFri Jun 19, 2009 2:49 pm by Ghenwa

» The Infinitive
Plurals I_icon_minitimeMon Jun 08, 2009 10:12 am by Ghenwa

Top posters
Ghenwa (110)
Plurals I_vote_lcapPlurals I_voting_barPlurals I_vote_rcap 
scot (60)
Plurals I_vote_lcapPlurals I_voting_barPlurals I_vote_rcap 
aylin (21)
Plurals I_vote_lcapPlurals I_voting_barPlurals I_vote_rcap 
hakansa (19)
Plurals I_vote_lcapPlurals I_voting_barPlurals I_vote_rcap 
wing0088 (14)
Plurals I_vote_lcapPlurals I_voting_barPlurals I_vote_rcap 
Amy (9)
Plurals I_vote_lcapPlurals I_voting_barPlurals I_vote_rcap 
najmi (6)
Plurals I_vote_lcapPlurals I_voting_barPlurals I_vote_rcap 
Azul (5)
Plurals I_vote_lcapPlurals I_voting_barPlurals I_vote_rcap 
salhino (5)
Plurals I_vote_lcapPlurals I_voting_barPlurals I_vote_rcap 
Vax (5)
Plurals I_vote_lcapPlurals I_voting_barPlurals I_vote_rcap 

Display results as :
Rechercher Advanced Search



Go down 

Female Capricorn

Number of posts : 110
Age : 33
Location : Türkiye/Suriye
Reputation : 9
Points : 253
Registration date : 2009-02-27

Plurals Empty
PostSubject: Plurals   Plurals I_icon_minitimeSun Apr 26, 2009 4:52 pm

The plural suffixes are –ler and –lar. All the nouns, countable or uncountable, and all the adjectives can be made plural. Adjectives function as a noun in this case.

When adding a plural suffix to a word you normally have to choose the vowel that harmonizes with the last vowel in the receiving word. If the last vowel of the receiving word is one of the high vowels (e – i – ö – ü ) add –ler suffix to the word.


defter (notebook) defterler
öğrenci (student) öğrenciler
şeker (sugar) şekerler
göl (lake) göller
ev (house) evler
gün (day) günler
İngiliz (Englishman) İngilizler
güzel (beautiful) güzeller
pencere (window) pencereler
ekmek (bread) ekmekler

If the last vowel of the receiving word is one of the low vowels ( a – ı – o – u ) add –lar suffix to the word.


okul (school) okullar
masa (table) masalar
bardak (glass) bardaklar
kalın (thick) kalınlar
kız (girl) kızlar
ulus (nation) uluslar
telefon (phone) telefonlar
bekar (single) bekarlar
su (water) sular
çay (tea) çaylar
kırmızı (red) kırmızılar

If the last consanant of a word is “l” with a preceding vowel double the letter “l” when adding plural suffixes –ler or –lar as in examples below:

dal (branch) dallar
el (hand) eller
kıl (hair) kıllar
dul (widow) dullar
kel (bald) keller
göl (lake) göller
çöl (desert) çöller
dil (tongue, language) diller
mal (property) mallar

The use of plurals
The plural suffix is added to indicate plurality. If plurality is shown by a numeral greater than one or a word like “çok” (many), or “kaç” (how many), no plural suffix is added to the noun as in examples below:

iki kitap (two books) not ”iki kitaplar”
çok bardak (a lot of glasses) not “çok bardaklar”
kaç kişi (how many people) not “kaç kişiler”

Sınıfta on beş öğrenci var. There are fifteen students in the class.
Dolapta çok bardak var. There are a lot of glasses in the cupboard.
Partide kaç kişi vardi. How many people were there in the party?
Kalemler çekmecede. The pencils are in the drawer.

In question and negative “…var mı?” (Is / are there any…) and “…yok” (There isn’t / aren’t any…) sentences plural suffix is not added to the noun as in examples below:

Sınıfta hiç öğrenci var mı? Are there any students in the class?
Masada hiç kitap yok. There aren’t any books on the table.
Buzdolabında hiç yumurta yok. There aren’t any eggs in the fridge.

Some Exceptions:
There are a very few exceptions to this rule where the suffix does not echo Vowel Harmony exactly - as examples:

saat (hour, clock) saatler not saatlar
harf (letter (of alphabet)) harfler not harflar
vaat (promise) vaatler not vaatlar
kalp (heart) kalpler not kalplar
gol (goal) goller not gollar
sembol (symbol) semboller not sembollar
misal (example) misaller not misallar

These words are not Turkish words originally. That is why they don't echo vowel harmony rules when suffixes are attached to them.
Back to top Go down
View user profile
Back to top 
Page 1 of 1

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
Turkish Forum :: TURKISH LANGUAGE :: Learn Turkish-
Jump to: